Past Visiting Fellows

Note: The list below includes mostly recent fellows, and is by no means exhaustive.

Juan Pablo Calderon-Meza (Thailand)

Juan Pablo Calderon-Meza is a human rights attorney whose practice specializes in international human rights advocacy and litigation. He clerked for the Hon. Judges Rowan Downing and Chang-Ho Chung at UNAKRT in Cambodia. He has also worked with EarthRights International as a fellow and currently assists them as a cooperating attorney with an ATS litigation and different submissions at both the Inter-American Court and Commission on Human Rights. He has also counseled the Colombian branch of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and was a lecturer in Bogota and Phnom Penh. Juan holds an International Human Rights LL.M. (Honors) from Northwestern University.

María Díaz Crego (Spain)

María Díaz Crego holds a Ph.D in Law (Doctor Europeus) from the Complutense University in Madrid (Spain), conducting part of her doctoral research at the European University Institute (Florence, Italy). She is currently Professor of Constitutional Law at the University of Alcala (Spain), where she also teaches European Union Law. She has been Visiting Fellow at the Hastings College of Law (San Francisco, USA), the Radboud University (Nijmegen, the Netherlands), and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg, Germany). Her areas of expertise include the European Convention on Human Rights -having been appointed as trainee at the Legal Division of the ECHR- and its national reception; interaction problems between human rights international treaties and national law, especially within the European Union; and jurisdictional dialogue between the European Court and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. At Harvard, her research will focus on the impact of the Inter-American case law on the USA legal system.

Carmen Draghici (UK)

Carmen Draghici is Senior Lecturer, LLB Deputy Director and Admissions Tutor at City University London’s Law School. She holds a Ph.D. from Sapienza University of Rome (2007) and specialises in Human Rights and Family Law. Her research interests include the interpretation of the European Convention on Human Rights, international accountability for human-rights violations, civil liberties in the war on terror, and freedom of expression. She was formerly a Leverhulme Post-doctoral Research Fellow at the Centre on Human Rights in Conflict, University of East London (2008) and a Visiting Research Scholar at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University (2012). At Harvard, she will work on a book concerning the legitimacy of family rights proliferation in the Strasbourg Court’s case-law.

Vanice Lírio do Valle (Brazil)

Vanice Lírio do Valle is a municipal tenured public lawyer, representing the Rio de Janeiro City Hall, with a large experience in human rights litigation, especially related with housing and environmental issues. Her teaching in fundamental rights and judicial review at Estácio de Sá University, complements that “hands-on” perspective with the necessary theoretical foundation and critical view. She has written on judicialization of socioeconomic rights in Brazil, with particular focus on the regressive potential of such a tendency. At Harvard, she will examine the intrinsic relationship between rights and remedies, exploring the hypothesis that judicial intervention is not a neutral activity, but rather contributes in configuring rights content.

Ian Park (UK)

Commander Ian Park is a barrister and serving officer in the United Kingdom Royal Navy. Called to the bar of England and Wales in 2003, over the past decade he has specialized in international law and deployed worldwide in support of the Royal Navy’s contribution to defence. He has acted as a legal advisor on NATO operations, at the ISAF Joint Command in Kabul, Afghanistan and in the Middle East. Ian is a graduate of Oxford University, a Hudson Fellow at Oxford and a First Sea Lord’s Fellow. At Harvard, his research will focus on the right to life in military operations.

Silja Vöneky (Germany)

Prof. Dr. Silja Vöneky is Co-Director of the Institute for Public Law and is a Professor of Public International Law, Comparative Law and Ethics of Law at the University of Freiburg (Germany). Her areas of focus include International Humanitarian Law, International Environmental Law, Human Rights Law, Biomedicine and Biosecurity Law, and the Law of Antarctica. Since 2012 she has been a member of the German Ethics Council, appointed on the Proposal of the Federal Government and speaker of the Working Group on Biosecurity of this Council. Besides of this she is – inter alia – part of the Group of Experts “Manual of the International Law in Peace Operations,” and since 2001 legal advisor to the German Federal Foreign Office concerning the Antarctic.

Teng Biao (China)

Teng Biao is a Lecturer at China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing, where he specializes in human rights, the judicial system, the constitution and social movements. Previously, he was a visiting scholar at the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Yale Law School. In 2003, he was one of the ‘Three Doctors of Law’ who complained to the National People’s Congress about unconstitutional detentions of internal migrants in the widely known ‘Sun Zhigang Case.’ Since then, Teng has provided counsel in numerous other human rights cases, including those of blind activist Chen Guangcheng, rights defender Hu Jia, the religious freedom case of Cai Zhuohua and Wang Bo, and numerous death penalty cases. He co-founded “Open Constitution Initiative” (Gongmeng) and is also the founder and President of China Against the Death Penalty, Beijing, the first and only abolitionist NGO in China. At Harvard, his research focused on the Rights Defense Movement in China.

Mark Gould (US)

Mark Gould is Professor of Sociology at Haverford College. He has a B.A. in sociology from Reed College and a Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. He teaches and writes on a range of topics, including the role of capitalist social development in the genesis of the English Revolution; the nature of contemporary racism, culture, opportunity structures and poverty in the inner-city USA; and the jurisprudential consequences of the sociological reconstruction of economic theory—especially for the law of employment discrimination and for the revitalization of fiduciary obligations in corporate law. At Harvard, he focused his writing on how various relationships between the foundational aspects of religiosity resulted in different forms of religious commitment in Islam, Christianity and Judaism that had divergent consequences for the emergence of democracy and human rights. He also endeavored to construct a viable theory of natural law to both criticize contemporary understandings of human rights and to make manifest the universality of “human rights.”

Machiko Kanetake (The Netherlands)

Machiko Kanetake is a Postdoctoral Researcher and Lecturer at the Faculty of Law of the University of Amsterdam. Her areas of expertise include the interfaces between national and international law, international human rights law, and international organizations law. She has received Ph.D. in Law from Kyoto University. Machiko was previously appointed as a Hauser Visiting Doctoral Researcher of the Global Fellows Program at New York University School of Law, and a Visiting Researcher of the University of Sydney. Her representative publications include: ‘‘The Interfaces between the National and International Rule of Law: A Framework Paper,” in Machiko Kanetake and André Nollkaemper (eds.), The Rule of Law at the National and International Levels: Contestations and Deference (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2014, forthcoming). At Harvard, Machiko focused her research on UN human rights treaty-monitoring bodies and their interactions with the national legal order, and assesses normative bases that underpin domestic courts’ engagement with the monitoring bodies’ comments, observations, and views.

Su-ming Khoo (Ireland)

Su-ming Khoo is a Lecturer in the School of Political Science and Sociology and Vice-Dean (Internationalization) for the College of Arts, Social Sciences and Celtic Studies, at the National University of Ireland, Galway. She specializes in the connections between human rights and development, particularly the rights to food, health and education. Su-ming’s recent publications focus on public goods and democracy; health governance; global health and social justice; and putting the ‘public’ back into public health. She is currently writing a monograph on human rights and development. At Harvard, her research focused on the theme of health and human rights solidarities, exploring the connections between the right to social security (including universal health coverage) and the human right to a functioning health system.

Nina H. B. Jørgensen (China)

Nina H. B. Jørgensen is currently a Professor in the Faculty of Law at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. She previously worked for eight years in different capacities at the Special Court for Sierra Leone in Freetown and The Hague, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia in Phnom Penh, and the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda in The Hague and Arusha respectively. She has also worked for the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights in Warsaw as the legal adviser for tolerance and non-discrimination. Prior to these assignments, she was a post-doctoral research fellow in international criminal law at the University of Leiden after completing her D.Phil. at the University of Oxford and LL.B (Hons) at the University of Bristol. She is a qualified barrister. At Harvard, her research focused on child soldiers in Asia and procedural efficiency in international criminal justice.

Benjamin Zawacki (Thailand)

Benjamin Zawacki is a Bangkok-based human rights researcher and advocate. He has published widely on human rights issues in the region, concentrating on war crimes (southern Thailand), crimes against humanity (eastern Myanmar), and ethnic cleansing (Rohingyas). He is a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a member of the New York State Bar. For the past two years, he was the Senior Legal Advisor for Southeast Asia with the International Commission of Jurists; the Acting Regional Representative of the International Development Law Organization; and the first Myanmar Consultant for The Elders. Previously, he was Amnesty International’s Myanmar, Thailand, and Asian Emergencies Researcher. At Harvard, he completed a book on Thailand’s changing bilateral relationships with the United States and China, and on how they intersect with US-China relations.

Rangita De Silva de Alwis (US)

Rangita De Silva de Alwis, SJD ’97, is the inaugural Director of the Global Women’s Leadership Initiative at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Among her many accomplishments, she has worked globally in over 25 countries on women’s human rights law and policy making and institutional reform, and convened several transnational networks in India, China and the with women living in Muslim communities. She has worked for 15 years with Chinese gender and law experts and academics and has testified twice before the Congressional Executive Commission on China on the status of women’s rights. Rangita has a LL.M and S.J.D. from Harvard Law School and was a Teaching Fellow with the European Law Research Institute at Harvard Law School and a Research Fellow with the Women and Public Policy Program at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. She was a Fulbright Specialist with the Asian University of Women, a Distinguished Visiting Lecturer at Wellesley College, a Visiting Scholar at Wellesley Centers for Women, and an Honorary Professor of China Women’s University. Her projects at Harvard included co-writing a book on women’s leadership during and post-conflict, as well as a paper for the World Bank on examining emerging developments in the new generation of laws on violence against women.

Fergal Gaynor (Kenya)

Fergal Gaynor is an international criminal lawyer. He has been counsel for the victims in Prosecutor v. Uhuru Kenyatta at the International Criminal Court (ICC). For over a decade, he served as a prosecution trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (most recently in the trial of Radovan Karadzic) and at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. He also worked as a legal adviser to the UN International Independent Investigation Commission in Beirut. He trained as a commercial lawyer at Freshfields in London and Tokyo, and is an Irish barrister. He graduated in law from Trinity College, Dublin, and in international relations from the University of Cambridge. At Harvard, his research focused on the exercise of prosecutorial discretion at the ICC.

Paola Bergallo (Argentina)

Paola Bergallo is a law professor at Universidad de San Andrés in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her areas of work and research include sexual rights, health law and socio-legal studies. She holds a LL.B. with honors from the Universidad de Buenos Aires, an LL.M. from Columbia University, a J.S.M. and a J.S.D. from Stanford University. Paola was previously a Fellow at The Hewlett Foundation, Stanford University and the Norwegian Research Counsel, and has worked as researcher and consultant in projects of the Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad, the Center for Reproductive Rights, the UN Fund for Population, the Pan-American Health Organization, and The World Bank. She is a founding member of Red Alas, Red de Académicas Latinoamericanas, and a member of the Seminario Latinoamericano de Teoría Constitucional convened by Yale Law School. At Harvard, she focused on the role of gender in the new Latin American constitutions and the role of courts in their enforcement.

Atsushi Kondo (Japan)

Atsushi Kondo is currently on sabbatical from Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan, where he is a Professor of Constitutional Law. He received his LLD from Kyushu University and has been a visiting fellow at Stockholm University and the University of Oxford. Atsushi is presently working on a research project, ‘The Consistency between Constitutional Laws and International Human Rights Treaties,” financed by the Japan Society for Promotion of Science. He has authored and edited a number of books in both Japanese and English, including “Citizenship in a Global World” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2001), “New Concept of Citizenship” (CEIFO Stockholm University, 2003), and “Migration and Globalization” (Akashi Shoten, 2008). He has served on committees on integration policy for the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Aichi Prefecture, and the cities of Nagoya and Kani. He currently acts as Japan’s reporter for the Migrant Integration Policy Index and Citizenship Rights for Immigrants. At Harvard, Atsushi’s research focused on comparing migrants’ rights and anti-discrimination law.

Errol Mendes (Canada)

Errol Mendes is a Professor of Law at the University of Ottawa and an advisor to governments, civil society groups, and the United Nations, where he assisted in the development of the UN Global Compact. Born in Kenya, Errol obtained his Bachelor of Law degree from the University of Exeter, England and his Master of Laws degree from the University of Illinois. He currently serves as Human Rights Commissioner in Ontario, and has previously acted as a human rights Tribunal adjudicator in Canada, as well as serving as a Visiting Professional at the International Criminal Court. His areas of expertise include constitutional law, international law and human rights law and policy. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books in his area of expertise, including most recently “The Court of Last Resort; Peace and Justice at the International Criminal Court.”

Paul O’Connell (England)

Paul O’Connell is a Reader in Law at SOAS, University of London. His research and teaching focus on public law, human rights (in particular socio-economic rights) and legal theory. He holds an LL.B. from Trinity College Dublin, and an LL.M. and PhD from the National University of Ireland. His previously published work has dealt with the comparative protection of socio-economic rights, the impact of globalisation on human rights, and administrative law. While at Harvard he will work on a monograph which critically explores the relationship between globalisation and human rights. He has been awarded a Fulbright Scholarship and a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship to support this research.

Daniel Rietiker (Switzerland)

Daniel Rietiker is a lecturer in public international law at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland and a senior lawyer at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France. He holds a PhD in the field of arms control treaties and a Diploma in international relations from the Graduate Institute, Geneva. He is a member of the International Institute of Human Rights René Cassin in Strasbourg as well as of the Swiss Branch of the International Law Association and its international Committee on “Nuclear Weapons, Non-Proliferation and Contemporary International Law.” At Harvard, he focused on the relationship and interactions between human rights and arms control, namely the substantial contribution of arms control treaties to the protection of human rights, the relevance of civil society and human rights institutions in the negotiations, implementation, and verification of arms control treaties, or the consequences of the human rights aspect in arms control treaties for their legal regime. The research included treaties regulating WMD as well as conventional weapons, including the recently adopted Treaty on arms trade.

Mark Muller (England)

Mark Muller is a senior barrister at Doughty Street Chambers specializing in public international law, human rights law, terrorism, proscription, and criminal defense work. He regularly advises international bodies on conflict resolution and post conflict justice issues and is a senior advisor to the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue in Geneva. He is currently Chair of the Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales; Chair of the Kurdish Human Rights Project; a Patron of the Zimbabwe Defence and Aid Fund; and a founder director of the EU-Turkey Accession Civic Commission which monitors Turkey accession to the European Union. Mark has appeared in numerous cases before the European Court of Human Rights dealing with all principal Articles of the Convention. He is also a founding Trustee of the Delfina Foundation and Executive Director of Beyond Borders, an arts and culture consortium dedicated to the promotion of international cultural exchange.

Jure Vidmar (England)

Jure Vidmar holds a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at the Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, where he is Research Fellow of St John’s College. Prior to taking up these positions, Jure was a Research Fellow at the Institute of European and Comparative Law, University of Oxford, and before that a post-doc at the Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam. He has taught several legal subjects at the universities Oxford, Pretoria, Amsterdam, and Nottingham, including EU law, human rights, jurisprudence, and public international law. He also supervises postgraduate research projects. Jure has published widely in the fields of international law, human rights, and political and legal theory. He is the author of a monograph entitled “Democratic Statehood in International Law: The Emergence of New States in Post-Cold War Practice” (Oxford, Hart, 2013) and co-editor (with Erika de Wet) of “Hierarchy in International Law: The Place of Human Rights” (Oxford, OUP, 2012). He is also an editor of the Hague Yearbook of International Law. At Harvard, Jure worked on his Leverhulme-Trust-funded research on abusive governments in international law.

Shane Darcy (Ireland)

Shane Darcy is a lecturer at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland Galway and Director of the Ph.D Programme at the Centre. His teaching and research interests are in the fields of international humanitarian law, international criminal law, business and human rights, and transitional justice. He holds a B.A. from the University of Limerick, and LL.M and PhD degrees from the National University of Ireland Galway. He has published a number of articles and is currently an Associate Editor of Criminal Law Forum. While at Harvard, he will continue his work on a research project exploring the judicial development of international humanitarian law.

Ludovic Hennebel (Belgium)

Ludovic Hennebel is Research Professor at the Fund for Scientific Research (F.N.R.S., Belgium) and member of the Perelman Centre of the Law School of the Université Libre de Bruxelles. He is Visiting Professor at the Law School of Sciences-Po in Paris and at the International Institute of Human Rights René Cassin in Strasbourg, where he teaches human rights, international law and global justice. He holds a PhD in Law, an LL.M in international human rights law, and the René Cassin Diploma on international human rights law. While at Harvard, he will pursue his systematic research on the fragmentation and unification of international human rights law.

Hiromi Hosoya (Japan)

Hiromi Hosoya is currently on sabbatical from Seikei University, Tokyo, Japan, where she is a professor of anthropology specializing in Andean Culture. She is currently working on a research project, ‘Perspective and Situations of Peace-building in an Unequal Society: The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Indigenous People’ financed by the Japan Society for Promotion of Science. This project, a collaboration with the University of Concepción in Chile and the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos (IEP) in Peru, focuses on the histories of barrios that were constituted by the internally displaced persons (IDP). At Harvard, her research will focus on the relationship between human rights and globalization, and the process of peace building in an unequal society.

Marlene Gerber Fried (United States)

Marlene Gerber Fried is senior advisor to the President of Hampshire College and faculty director of the Civil Liberties and Public Policy Program. A professor of philosophy, she received her Ph.D. from Brown University and served as interim President of Hampshire College, 2010-2011. Her scholarship and teaching is focused primarily on abortion rights and access, reproductive and sexual rights and health, and legal theory. A widely published author, she is a long-time reproductive rights activist and was the founding president and continues to serve on the board of the National Network of Abortion Funds and the Abortion Rights Fund of Western Massachusetts. At Harvard, she will be working on a history of reproductive rights advocacy.

David Marshall

David Marshall works with the United Nations, most recently deployed to South Sudan as the acting Director of the Rule of Law and Security Institutions Support Office in the new UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). His prior UN positions include acting legal advisor to the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Special Envoy on Darfur in 2005, acting legal advisor to the head of OHCHR Nepal (2007) and acting senior human rights advisor to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) in the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) (2007-2008). He is a graduate of the University of Leeds and Harvard Law School. At Harvard, he will be researching UN Secretariat engagement in rule of law in post-conflict states.

Birkutan Mideksa (Ethiopia)

Birtukan Mideksa will be the Eleanor Roosevelt Fellow with a joint appointment with W.E.B. Du Bois Institute. A former judge and the leader of Ethiopia’s Unity and Democracy for Justice Party, Birtukan was among opposition activists who were jailed for life after the disputed 2005 election. They were pardoned, but Birtukan was sent back to prison after the government accused her of violating the terms of the pardon. She was released in October 2010. At Harvard, she will work on the independence of the judiciary in closed societies.

Mark Muller (United Kingdom)

Mark Muller is a senior barrister at Garden Court Chambers specializing in public international law, human rights law, terrorism, proscription, and criminal defense work. He regularly advises international bodies on conflict resolution and post conflict justice issues and is a senior advisor to the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue in Geneva. He is currently Chair of the Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales; Chair of the Kurdish Human Rights Project; a Patron of the Zimbabwe Defence and Aid Fund; and a founder director of the EU-Turkey Accession Civic Commission which monitors Turkey accession to the European Union. Mark has appeared in numerous cases before the European Court of Human Rights dealing with all principal Articles of the Convention. He is also a founding Trustee of the Delfina Foundation and Executive Director of Beyond Borders, an arts and culture consortium dedicated to the promotion of international cultural exchange.

Ana Bracic (Canada)

Ana Bracic is both a Junior Visiting Fellow at the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School and an Affiliate at the Center for European Studies at Harvard University. She also holds a MacCracken Fellowship at New York University, where she is completing her PhD in the Wilf Family Department of Politics. Ana’s current research projects include an empirical cross-border study of discrimination against the Roma in Eastern Europe, spatial analyses of the diffusion of human rights practices, and a comparison of human rights in failed and stable autocracies. At Harvard, she will continue to work on a project that measures ground level discrimination against the Roma by using behavioral games and will seek to apply experimental or quasi-experimental methodology to studying various other human rights issues.

Diana Buttu (Canada)

Diana Buttu is a Palestinian-Canadian attorney and former spokesperson for the Palestine Liberation Organization. In 2005, she was appointed legal and communications advisor to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. She served for several years as a legal advisor in the negotiations between Israel and Palestine, the only female advisor within the two delegations. She holds a BA in Middle East and Islamic Studies and an LL.M. from the University of Toronto, a JD from Queen’s University, a JSM from Stanford University, and an MBA from Northwestern’s Kellogg School of Management. At Harvard, she was a joint fellow with both the Middle East Initiative at the Belfer Center and the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School.

Bernard Duhaime (Canada)

Bernard Duhaime is a Canadian professor of public international law at the University of Québec in Montreal (UQAM). He teaches mainly international human rights law and specializes on the Inter-American System on Human Rights. Before joining the faculty in 2004, Mr Duhaime was staff attorney at the Secretariat of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States.

Over the years, he has worked for, or collaborated with, organizations such as the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. He is the co-author of the yearly review of the case law of the Inter-American Human Rights System in the Quebec Journal of International Law, and has contributed to several books on human rights. At HRP, Bernard finalized a coursebook on Human Rights and the Americas with HRP’s former executive director, James Cavallaro.

Christof Heyns (South Africa)

Christof Heyns is Professor of Human Rights Law and Co-director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa at the University of Pretoria. In August 2010 he was appointed as United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. He is an adjunct professor at the Washington College of Law of the American University in Washington DC, USA, and a Visiting Fellow at Kellogg College at Oxford University, UK, where he has been teaching in the masters’ programme since 2005. He is a former Director of the Centre for Human Rights in the Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, as well as former Dean of that faculty. He has published widely in the field of international human rights law.

Suzanne Egan (Ireland)

Suzanne Egan is a lecturer in International and European Human Rights Law at the School of Law in University College Dublin since 1992. She is a qualified barrister and holds a Master of Laws Degree from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto. Prior to lecturing at UCD, she was the Legal Supervisor of an independent research centre on  refugee law and policy in Canada (1989-1991) and a Research Assistant at the Law Reform Commission in Ireland (1991-1992).  She is a former member of the Executive Committee of the Irish Refugee Council. She has engaged in human rights training for various non-governmental organisations, the Council of Europe as well as members of the legal profession.  She was appointed by the government in 2000 to serve as a Member of the Irish Human Rights Commission and was subsequently re-appointed for a second term in 2006.

Pill-Kyu Hwang (USA)

Pill-Kyu Hwang is a human rights lawyer in the only non-profit full-time public interest lawyers’ group in Korea, GONGGAM, where he specializes in international human rights law and human rights issues concerning migrants and refugees. He completed his PhD coursework in public international law at the College of Law, Seoul National University. He has worked with various international organizations such as the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Seoul Office, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Representation in Korea, and the UNESCO Beijing Office, as well as numerous national institutions/NGOs including the National Human Rights Commission of Korea, the Korean Bar Association, Minbyun-Lawyers for a Democratic Society, the People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD).

Scott Long (USA)

A former fellow at Columbia Law School, Center for Gender & Sexuality Law, Scott Long is the founding and former director of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Rights Program at Human Rights Watch. Prior to that, he was program director at the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). Long holds a Ph.D. from Harvard University, and has taught at the University of Budapest, as well as holding a Fulbright lectureship at the University of Cluj-Napoca in Romania. He was a founding member of the Romanian gay and lesbian organization ACCEPT.

Christian Salazar Volkmann (Colombia)

Christian Salazar Volkmann is working as the Representative of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Bogota, Colombia. Before this assignment he served as Representative of UNICEF in Iran as well as UNICEF Representative a.i. in Vietnam and Deputy Representative in Vietnam and Guatemala. He also worked as advisor for the German Society for Technical Cooperation (GIZ) on youth and human rights. Salazar’s main fields of technical expertise are human rights, governance, civil society and adolescents. At HRP, he conducted a study on the impact of OHCHR on the reduction of extrajudicial executions in Colombia.

Everaldo Lamprea (Colombia)

Everaldo Lamprea is a J.S.D. candidate at Stanford Law School and full-time professor (on leave) at Los Andes Law School, Bogotá, Colombia. At Los Andes University, Everaldo taught classes on law and globalization, public utilities, regulation, and law and society. In 2009 Everaldo received the Enrique Low-Murtra Distinction, a four-year grant awarded by Colombia’s Federal Reserve (Banco de la República) to a Ph.D student conducting doctoral research on law and development or law and economics. Everaldo focused his research at Harvard on how health sectors in developing countries acquire biotech oncologic products from Big Pharma companies, trying at the same time to explore the impact of right to health litigation on individuals’ access to cancer medication in countries like Colombia, Brazil and Costa Rica.

Sally Engle Merry (USA)

Sally Engle Merry is Professor of Anthropology and Law and Society at New York University. Her recent books include Colonizing Hawai‘i: The Cultural Power of Law (Princeton University Press, 2000), Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice (University of Chicago Press, 2006), Gender Violence: A Cultural Perspective (Blackwells 2009) and The Practice of Human Rights: Tracking Law between the Local and the Global, (co-edited with Mark Goodale; Cambridge University Press, 2007). She is past president of the Law and Society Association and the Association for Political and Legal Anthropology and President-elect of the American Ethnological Society. The Law and Society Association awarded her the Hurst Prize from for Colonizing Hawai‘i in 2002 and the Kalven Prize for overall scholarly contributions to sociolegal scholarship in 2007. The School of American Research awarded her the J.I.Staley Prize in 2010 for Human Rights and Gender Violence.

Alicia Ely Yamin (USA)

Alicia Ely Yamin is a Joseph H. Flom Fellow on Global Health and Human Rights at Harvard Law School’s Human Rights Program, and an Instructor at the Harvard School of Public Health. She is the Executive Editor of the Critical Concepts section for the Health and Human Rights Journal, and she serves as Special Advisor to Amnesty International’s global campaign on poverty, Demand Dignity (in particular, in relation to maternal mortality). She is Acting Chair of the Center for Economic and Social Rights and additionally serves on the advisory boards the International Initiative on Maternal Mortality and Human Rights, Human Rights Ahead, the Center for Policy Analysis on Trade and Health, as well as several human rights advocacy organizations in Latin America. Prior to her fellowship, Yamin was the Director of Research and Investigations at Physicians for Human Rights, where she oversaw all of the organization’s field investigations.

Abigail Abrash (USA)

Abrash has been working in human rights since 1992, first for the International Human Rights Law Group and then as program director for the Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Center for Human Rights. At Harvard, Abrash pursued her research on economic development, human rights and the environment. Drawing on work that she did in Indonesia, she focused on the manner in which the enjoyment of social, cultural and economic rights are affected by state development policies and the actions of corporate actors.

Osamu Arakaki (Japan)

Arakaki has worked in refugee law and development for over a decade. He served as an associate legal officer for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees between 1991 and 1994, before earning his M.A. in Political Science from the University of Toronto in 1995. Afterwards, he served for five years as an associate specialist with the Japan International Cooperation Agency in Tokyo and New Zealand. Since April 2001, he has been an associate professor of law at Shigakukan University. While at Harvard Law School, Arakaki conducted research on development assistance that merges understanding of human rights, refugee flow control and peace-building.

Ilias Bantekas (Greece)

Bantekas is an international law scholar at the University of Westminster, where he was recently named Reader. Bantekas is a Greek national who earned his LL.M. in International and European Law with Distinction in 1996, and his Ph.D. (distinction) from the University of Liverpool in 1999. He has served in the past in the Greek Special Forces. Bantekas has published on a range of topics, mostly on international humanitarian and international criminal law. Bantekas’s current research at HRP concentrates on revenue sharing arrangements of natural resources between local communities and the State through the intervention of loan institutions and multinational corporations. His research addresses issues of corporate social responsibility and the role of multinationals as international actors in sustainable development, with particular focus on Africa.

Irus Braverman (Canada)

Braverman is currently a doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto. While at the Human Rights Program, her research focused on the relationship between geography and power, with a focus on Israel/Palestine. Irus has worked with the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, the Israeli Union for Environmental Defense, ‘Shatil’ for Community Empowerment, and, most recently, with Checkpoint-Watch, a women’s non-profit organization monitoring soldiers’ conduct in the occupied territories.

Mercedes Candela Soriano (Belgium)

Soriano, as a reserach fellow at the Institute for European Legal Studies of the University of Liege (Belgium), has researched various aspects of human rights, especially in connection with the external relations of the European Union. In particular, she has explored how the European Union uses commercial power and political influence to induce non-EU countries to better protect human rights, implement democratic principles, and enforce the rule of law. While at Harvard, Soriano will explore the extent to which the United States both relies on and promotes compliance by foreign governments with human rights. In addition, she will be looking at whether human rights and democratic instruments exist that have been applied coherently by the US, and if so, whether the implementation of these instruments has been influenced by other considerations, such as political or economic interests.

Anthony Chase (USA)

Chase is an Assistant Professor of Diplomacy & World Affairs at Occidental College. He holds a Ph.D. from The Fletcher School/Tufts University in International Law & Diplomacy and Master’s degrees from The Fletcher School and Columbia University (Islamic Culture Studies). He also was a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Chicago’s Center for International Relations. His publications include Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices (co-edited with Amr Hamzawy, University of Pennsylvania Press, June 2006) and a range of peer-reviewed articles dealing with human rights in Muslim societies in the context of free expression, economic development, and public health. Chase has lived and worked extensively with Arab and transnational non-governmental organizations in India, Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and the Palestinian Authority, as well as with WHO, UNDP, and the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights on conceptualizing and implementing human rights-based approaches to economic development. He was a participant in the First Arab Human Rights Conference, which issued the groundbreaking “Casablanca Declaration of the Arab Human Rights Movement.” At HRP, Chase continuted to work on a project entitled Transnational Debates on Human Rights in the Muslim World: Politics, Economics, and Society. This manuscript will explore when, how, and why the international human rights regime has mattered to some of the Muslim world’s most important debates – including those over free expression, economic development, and the treatment of minorities.

Hyo-Je Cho (South Korea)

Hyo-Je Cho is Associate Professor of Human Rights and Civil Society Studies, SungKongHoe University in Seoul, Korea. He is well published on issues of NGOs and human rights in Korea and East Asia, and has written and edited many books on the subjects including Human Rights and Civic Activism in Korea (A-Media Press, 2005). Among his translated books from English into Korean are Micheline Ishay’s The History of Human Rights and David Held et al.’s Global Transformations. He was involved with creation of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea in 2001. Cho has been active with the human rights group Amnesty International since the 1980s. He holds a Ph.D. in Social Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science, and a Master’s degree in Comparative Social Studies from Oxford University. While at HRP, Cho authored a textbook in Korean on the theory and practice of human rights from a social scientific perspective.

Moshe Cohen Eliya (Israel)

Moshe Cohen-Eliya is a lecturer at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. While at Harvard, Moshe analyzed the extent to which commercial speech should be limited in order to promote the equal worth of women and of members of minority groups. He will engage in a theoretical and legal analysis of the issue, ultimately drafting a bill that protects members of minorities from the formation of stereotyped images in commercials – i.e., images that might result in discrimination in various areas such as employment, housing and public accommodation.

Martha Davis (United States)

Professor Davis (September 2008-June 2009) teaches Women’s Rights Lawyering, Constitutional Law and Professional Responsibility at Northeastern University School of Law. She is also a faculty director for the law school’s Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy. Professor Davis has written widely on women’s rights, poverty and human rights. She recently co-edited Bringing Human Rights Home, a three-volume work chronicling the U.S. human rights movement. In 2008, Bringing Human Rights Home was named one of the best books in the field of human rights by the U.S. Human Rights Network. Professor Davis’s book, Brutal Need: Lawyers and the Welfare Rights Movement, received the Reginald Heber Smith Award for distinguished scholarship on the subject of equal access to justice, and was also honored by the American Bar Association in its annual Silver Gavel competition. Professor Davis chairs the board of directors of the National Economic and Social Rights Initiative and serves on the editorial board of the Harvard School of Public Health’s publication Health and Human Rights.

Raquel Ferriera Dodge (Brazil)

Dodge is a senior federal public prosecutor in Brasilia whose work focuses on combating forced labor and other rights abuses in rural Brazil. An honors graduate of the University of Brasilia, where she studied law and completed graduate work, Raquel has coordinated the Federal Public Ministry’s national working groups on indigenous rights and minorities and on citizenship. She has written on forced labor, public health and human rights. While at HRP, Raquel focused on analyzing an archive she has compiled of 700 cases involving forced labor since 1993.

Daniela Dohmes-Ockenfels (Germany)

Dohmes-Ockenfels is a judge in Germany. She has a Ph. D. in law from Humboldt University. At HRP, she expanded on the work of her dissertation on the economic and social rights of asylum applicants, focusing on means of enforcing economic and social rights in domestic courts.

Catriona Drew (Scotland)

Drew is a lecturer in public international law at Glasgow University in Scotland. At HRP, she pursued research on the relationship between self-determination and population transfers, looking, for example, at how and when settlers acquire rights that may compete with the rights of the “original” population.

Siri Gloppen (Norway)

Gloppen is Associate Professor in Comparative Politics, University of Bergen, Norway and heads the “Courts in Transition” research programme at the Chr. Michelsen Institute. Her research at the Human Rights Program centered around the political role of African courts in democratization and social transformation; social rights litigation; reconciliation, constitution-making and constitutionalism. Gloppen’s publications include Democratization and the Judiciary (Frank Cass 2004), Roads to Reconciliation (Lexington 2005), and South Africa: The Battle over the Constitution (Ashgate 1997).

Aeyal Gross (Israel)

Aeyal Gross is a professor and member of the Faculty of Law at Tel Aviv University. He holds an LL.B. from Tel Aviv University (1990) and an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School (1996). He was previously a member of the Board of the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, and the Academic Committee of the Minerva Center for Human Rights in Tel Aviv University and is a member of the board at the Concord Center for the Interplay between International Norms and Israeli Law. From 2007-2009, he served as a research fellow at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies and he is a visiting reader at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) both at the University of London. Additionally he taught as a visitor in Columbia University and the University of Toronto.

Niels Erik Hansen (Denmark)

Niels Erik Hansen is the Executive Director of Documentation and Advisory Centre on Racial Discrimination (DACoRD) and an associate Professor of Law at the University of Copenhagen. He earned both his Masters and Bachelors degree in law from the University of Copenhagen. While at HRP, Hansen worked on a project that compared the independence of the Institute for Human Rights and other newly established European specialized bodies with Human Rights Institutions in the U.S. and Canada.

Matthew Happold (UK)

Happold teaches international and constitutional law at the University of Nottingham. He has degrees from the universities of Oxford and London and in 2002 was awarded the Diploma of the Hague Academy of International Law. Recent publications include Constitutional Human Rights in the Commonwealth (co-editor with Michael Anderson, BIICL: London, 2003). He is presently completing a monograph on child soldiers in international law, to be published by Manchester University Press in spring 2005.

Wenzhuo Hou (China)

Hou is the founder of an NGO called Internal Migrant Workers Legal Aid and Research Center (IMW). She currently holds the position of researcher and consultant for UNICEF in Beijing. While at Harvard, Hou plans to study the rights of migrant workers, focusing on women and children.

Michael Ikhariale (Nigeria)

Ikhariale is a professor and former dean of law at Lagos State University. He is a member of the board of governors of the Civil Liberties Organisation (CLO), one of Nigeria’s premier human rights NGOs. In addition to a large number of scholarly articles, he writes a weekly column in the Vanguard, a nationally known newspaper. At Harvard, he focused on the link between human rights and development, with particular attention to Nigeria. His proposed study is entitled: “The Imperatives of Human Rights to Contemporary Developmental Strategies.”

Naina Kapur (India)

Kapur is a lawyer and the co-director of Sakshi, an NGO that works on issues of gender and the courts in India, particularly in relation to violence against women. At Harvard, she drew on the experience of Sakshi to write about the “Gender and Judges” study and its consequences, and explored it as a model for activist research and engagement.

Mehrangiz Kar (Iran)

Mehrangiz Kar is an attorney, writer, and activist working toward the promotion of democracy, rule of law, and human rights within the framework of Islamic law in the Islamic Republic of Iran since the revolution in 1979. She was a Radcliffe Fellow at Harvard (2004-05), as well as a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government (2005-06). She has also been recognized as a Scholar at Risk. In April 2000, following her participation in a symposium in Berlin, she was arrested and imprisoned on charges of acting against the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Three of the five charges against her are pending, for which she may again be arrested upon her return. She was the 2004 recipient of the annual Human Rights First (formerly Lawyers’ Committee for Human Rights) Human Rights Award and in 2002 received the Ludovic Trarieux International Human Rights Prize (France) for a lawyer working to promote women’s human rights, awarded jointly by the Human Rights Institute of the Bar of Bordeaux and the European Lawyers’ Union.

Anne Warner La Forest (Canada)

La Forest is a dean and professor of law at the University of New Brunswick in Canada. She also works as an arbitrator and consultant in the Province of Nova Scotia. While at Harvard, Anne analyzed the influence of international law on domestic law and the protection of human rights through substantive criminal law. Essentially, she tracked, considered and assessed the evolution of human rights and to determined the extent to which there is indeed a transnational, transcultural evolution of human rights.

Catherine Le Magueresse (France)

Le Magueresse is a president of the European Association Against Violence toward Women in the Workplace (Association Europeene contre les Violence faites aux femmes au Travail — AVFT). She worked as a lawyer with the AVFT and in private practice. She has been an active participant in major fora for promoting women’s rights, including the World Conference in Beijing (1995) and the annual meetings of the Committee on the Status of Women. She has written a number of articles for the AVFT on women’s rights, as well as one article for a leading journal on social law. While at HLS, she researched the application of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), a treaty that has been ratified in France but has had little impact. She examined its effects in other countries where it was ratified and the possible means of expanding its use.

Julita Lemgruber (Brazil)

Julita Lemgruber is a sociologist, former Director of the Prison System and former Police Ombudsman in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. With a Master’s degree from IUPERJ, she has published the books Cemetery of the Living, Who Guards the Guardians?, and many other papers on the police, prisons and alternative sentences. Formerly a member of the National Council for Criminal and Penitentiary Policy in the Brazilian Ministry of Justice, she is now a member of the Board of the International Center for Prison Studies and of the Altus Global Alliance, non-governmental organizations based, respectively, in London and in The Hague.

Sung-Whan Lee (South Korea)

Lee is a professor of law at Kookmin University in Seoul. He is also an attorney and legal scholar in constitutional law, human rights and the role of NGOs. While at Harvard, Whan researched the role of NGOs in a democracy, focusing on the issue of national sovereignty and protection of international human rights in interpreting the Korean constitution.

Kieran McEvoy (Northern Ireland)

McEvoy is a reader in law at the School of Law, Queen’s University of Belfast. He conducted a major comparative study on prisoner release at the end of periods of violent conflict, which proved of great value to those negotiating the prisoner release provision of the Good Friday Agreement. While at Harvard, McEvoy wrote about the ways in which community based programs may foster and encourage a broader ownership and attachment to human rights principles, particularly in communities used to resolving disputes through violence. This planned book, Restorative Justice: Theory, Practice and Critique, was published by Sage (with Harry Mika) in December 2001.

Dominic McGoldrick (United Kingdom)

McGoldrick is a professor of Public International Law and Director of the International and European Law Unit at the Faculty of Law, University of Liverpool. He is also author of The Human Rights Committee: Its Role in the Development of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, inter alia. At Harvard he focused his research on comparing the jurisprudence of the European Convention on Human Rights with the UN Human Rights Committee.

Rashida Manjoo (South Africa)

Rashida Manjoo was a former Eleanor Roosevelt Fellow with HRP. She is an Advocate of the High Court of South Africa and a former commissioner of the Commission on Gender Equality (CGE), a constitutional body mandated to oversee the promotion and protection of gender equality. Prior to being appointed to the CGE she was involved in social context training for judges and lawyers, where she has designed both content and methodology during her time at the Law, Race, and Gender Research Unit University of Cape Town and at the University of Natal, Durban. While at HRP, Manjoo worked on issues of UN reform and gender.

Ahmed Subhy Mansour (Egypt)

Mansour is an Egyptian national and a leading scholar on the Koran, and in particular, Islamic law, democracy and human rights. He is a former assistant professor at Al Azhar University and former Visiting Fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy, in Washington D.C. He has served as religious counselor for Egyptian NGOs working in human rights and civil society and has published over twenty books and literally hundreds of editorial pieces. Mansour has been deeply involved in efforts to reform religious education to foster human rights and promote tolerance, in conjunction with the Ibn Khaldoun Center. Last year, facing persecution at home, Mansour fled to the United States where he was granted political asylum. While at Harvard, Mansour is working with HRP and Islamic Legal Studies on the development of an Islamic curriculum that respects both human rights and American culture. Mansour seeks to structure academic programs for Muslim youth, primarily in this country, in ways consistent with both Islamic thought and western values.

Betty Kaari Murungi (Kenya)

Murungi has served as Director of Urgent Action Fund-Africa since its formation in 2001. Since 1998, she has also served as legal advisor to the Women’s Human Rights Program at Rights and Democracy, Montreal, Canada. As a member of the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court (CICC), Betty and others advocated extensively for the inclusion of a gender perspective in the establishment of the International Criminal Court and in the work of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. She serves on the board of the Kenya Human Rights Commission, the Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice at the International Criminal Court (Den Haag) and is a past board member of The Federation of Women Lawyers-Kenya. Betty is a lawyer by profession and has extensive experience in the human rights of women, gender and governance. In December 2003, the President of Kenya awarded her the National honor: The Moran of the Order of the Burning Spear (MBS) for her work in Human Rights.

Mwambi Mwasaru (Kenya)

Mwasaru chairs the Board of the Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC) and directs the Kwale Rural Support Program. While at Harvard, Mwasaru plans to explore theoretical perspectives and paradigms that inform different approaches to human rights, with particular regard to how human rights can serve in social transformation. He will be using Kenya as a case study to explore the role of human rights in the social reforms currently taking place in Kenya. One of his goals is to design human rights programs that can influence the on-going social reform movement.

Joseph Mwaura (Kenya)

Joseph Mwaura is a Lecturer in Law at Queen’s University Belfast (UK). He teaches and researches in the areas of corporate law and human rights and he has recently served as an expert researcher for the International Commission of Jurists’ Expert Legal Panel on Corporate Complicity in International Crimes, where he was focusing on the role of corporate structures in determining liability within corporate groups. He read law at the University of Nairobi until 1996. He has been a Visiting Scholar at the University of Washington and the University of Ghana and he is a member of the Higher Education Academy, the Society of Legal Scholars, and the Law Society of Kenya. He has been involved, in various capacities, in the promotion of equality of opportunity and good relations in Northern Ireland and he has served on the Executive Committee of the Northern Ireland Council for Ethnic Minorities (NICEM) and the Afro Community Support Organisation for Northern Ireland (ACSONI). At HRP, Mwaura focused on the viability of constitutional regulation of corporations and the definition of parameters of corporate complicity in human rights violations.

Charles Norchi (USA/Ireland)

Norchi is a human rights advocate, educator and counselor who has worked in twenty-two countries. He was founder and director of the Washington-based Independent Counsel on International Human Rights; executive director of the New York-based International League for Human Rights; and founder and director of the Geneva-based International Center for Humanitarian Reporting – Media Action International. Charles has taught human rights at the undergraduate and graduate levels at Sarah Lawrence College and Yale University. His recent book publications are the co-edited (with Edward Girardet) Afghanistan: The Essential Field Guide; “Toward the Rule of Law in Afghanistan: The Constitutive Process” (in Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan, John Montgomery, ed.) which won the 2004 Myres McDougal Prize in international law, and “Human Rights: A Global Common Interest” (in Krasno, ed, The United Nations: Confronting the Challenges of a Global Society).

Rugemeleza Nshala (Tanzania)

Nshala is a leading rights activist in Tanzania and an alumnus of HLS, where he received his LL.M. degree in 1997. Nshala founded the Lawyers’ Environmental Action Team (LEAT) in 1994 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and served as its executive director until September 2003. In that role, in addition to organizing conferences and events, he served as counsel before Tanzania’s High Court on behalf of those affected by the dumping of hazardous wastes. Nshala also taught environmental law at University of Lands and Architectural Studies, a Constituent College of the University of Dar es Salaam. As a Visiting Fellow at the Human Rights Program during the 2003-2004 academic year, Nshala researched violations of human rights in Tanzania’s mining sector, with a focus on the role of the World Bank. This is a topic on which he has amassed a great deal of first hand experience, having been very engaged in the defense of the rights of local communities affected by World Bank-financed mining projects in Tanzania.

Sharanjeet Parmar (Canada)

Sharanjeet Parmar is an international human rights lawyer, with ten years of experience working on the rights of women and children, transitional justice, as well as public interest litigation in India. In addition to working on accountability for gross rights violations, she is experienced in protection and rule of law programming in numerous post-conflict country contexts in Africa, including Burundi, DRC, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Sudan. Formerly the Director of the Access to Justice Program with Global Rights, she has taught in Harvard Law School’s Human Rights Program. Previously, she served as a prosecuting war crimes attorney with the Special Court for Sierra Leone. She is also an editor of the volume Children and Transitional Justice (distributed by Harvard University Press).

Obiora Okafor (Nigeria)

Okafor is a Nigerian academic now teaching public international law and human rights law at York University in Canada. He received a Social Science Research Council/ MacArthur Foundation grant to work on international human rights institutions and their contributions to world peace. His work focused specifically on the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights and its influence in Nigeria.

Thomas Pegram (United Kingdom)

Thomas Pegram served as the National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) Fellow with HRP. His doctorate research was on national human rights institutions in democratizing political systems, with a particular interest in their political accountability function. Pegram has conducted field research on NHRIs throughout Latin America. Pegram has acted as a panellist and consultant on political, human rights and conflict issues in Latin America for a number of academic, practitioner and NGO bodies. He has also worked at the International Law and Organizations Program at the London Secretariat of Amnesty International and for a Peruvian non-governmental organization.

Christopher Pollmann (Germany/France)

Pollman is maître de conférences of public law and political science at Metz University, France. He has worked in the area of French administrative jurisprudence and the sociology of grass-roots movements. While at Harvard, Pollman looked at human rights and globalization from the perspectives of philosophy, sociology, and law, exploring the perception of human rights as the legal organization of capitalist individualism.

E.K. Quashigah (Ghana)

Quashigah is a senior lecturer with the Faculty of Law, University of Ghana. At Harvard, he developed guidelines that would make state reporting a more effective element in obtaining compliance with international human rights instruments. He focused on the African Charter and a critique of its current reporting requirements.

R.K. Raghavan (India)

Raghavan is the former director of the Central Bureau of Investigation in New Delhi. He is also an experienced teacher and lecturer. While at Harvard, Raghavan analyzed human rights violations by the police happening in both the U.S. and India.

Habib Rahiab (Afghanistan)

Rahiab is an Afghan national and former researcher for Human Rights Watch in Afghanistan. Habib studied law at the Balkh University in Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan. Prior to and while with Human Rights Watch, Habib worked with the Civic Institution Forum of Afghanistan and the Afghan Professional Alliance for Minority Rights. Recently, due to death threats and severe instability, he was forced to flee Afghanistan. Habib’s research focuses on the prospects for transitional justice in Afghanistan. While some of his research involves the study of abuses committed in Afghanistan itself, the bulk of his work focuses on comparative analysis of truth commissions and tribunals in other countries facing recent histories of severe rights abuse. Habib seeks to apply this research to evaluate possible formats for rendering justice in Afghanistan.

N. Ravi (India)

Ravi is the director and editor of The Hindu, the leading English language newspaper in India. He has worked in journalism since 1972 and is known in India for highlighting issues of human rights including custodial violence, child labor and the death sentence. While at HRP, he researched freedom of the press, in theory and practice, focusing on the legal and institutional framework necessary for a free press to reinforce respect for human rights.

Galit Sarfaty (United States)

Galit Sarfaty holds a J.D. from Yale Law School, and is finishing her Ph.D. dissertation for the University of Chicago in the Department of Anthropology. Sarfaty has been involved in human rights for many years, working on issues of indigenous rights with NGOs and with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. She is the author of “International Norm Diffusion in the Pimicikamak Cree Nation: A Model of Legal Mediation,” (Harvard International Law Journal, 2007) and “The World Bank and the Internalization of Indigenous Rights Norms,” (Yale Law Journal, 2005). At HRP, Sarfaty researched human rights norms within the World Bank, as well as promoting accountability in international institutions and the ethical dimensions of global governance.

Leslie Sebba (Israel)

Sebba is an associate professor at the Institute of Criminology, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University and is on the faculty committee for the Minerva Human Rights Centre located there. He has written and taught on a range of criminal justice and children’s rights issues in Israel. In addition to his academic roles, he has been a board member of the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), Defense of Children International (Israel Chapter) and a member of the steering committee for the Women’s Network project on victims of sex offenses in Israel. At Harvard, he explored two themes that play a central role in shifting children’s rights – “the child as subject rather than an object of rights” and “universalism vs. multiculturalism” -through the lens of education and criminal justice.

Martin Seutcheu (Cameroon)

Seutcheu has vast experience in the United Nations human rights system, in particular with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda where he has worked for the past seven years and held the position of Special Assistant to the Director of Investigations. His research at Harvard focused on his experience with the ICTR in Rwanda, analyzing the lessons learned in investigating and prosecuting genocide.

Amr Shalakany (Egypt)

Shalakany has taught law at Cairo University Faculty since 1993, where he now serves as an associate professor of law. Shalakany, a joint Egyptian and U.S. national, has researched and published extensively on private international and comparative law, particularly in post-colonial contexts. Shalakany spent the past two years in the occupied Palestinian territories teaching at Birzeit University and working as a legal advisor to the Palestinian Negotiations Support Unit. While at Harvard, he will teach two courses: Islamic Law Reform in the fall, and comparative law in the spring, and will finalize books on the history and politics of comparative law and his Ramallah journals, a first-hand account of life in the occupied territories.

Yuval Shany (Israel)

Shany is an Israeli scholar who serves as a law lecturer in the Academic College of Management, Rishon Le Zion, and as a visiting lecturer at the Hebrew and Tel Aviv universities. He has published, inter alia, on command responsibility, the jurisdictions of international courts and tribunals and positive State obligations in the field of human rights. While at Harvard, Shany conducted comparative research on methods of incorporating international human rights norms into domestic constitutional law, seeking to review in particular the practice of Israeli courts in interpreting and applying (or failing to apply) international human rights norms in light of the practices of other common law nations.

Khader Shkirat (West Bank/Palestine)

Shkirat is a Palestinian lawyer and the general director and co-founder of LAW, a non-governmental organization that specializes in environmental and human rights law in Israel and Palestine. He participated in the 1998 HRP roundtable in Cairo on the Arab human rights movement (HRP, International Aspects of the Arab Human Rights Movement, 2000). At Harvard, Khader explored the intersection of politics and law in Middle East diplomacy.

Stefan Sottiaux (Belgium)

Sottiaux is a post-doctoral researcher at the law faculty of the University of Antwerp (Belgium), and a member of the Board of the Flemish section of the Ligue des droits de l’Homme. He holds an LL.M. from Oxford University and a Ph.D. in law from the University of Antwerp (September 2006). As a member of the Brussels bar, he appeared in several human rights cases before the Belgian Constitutional Court. His past research is varied and has focused on topics such as anti-democratic political parties, sexual orientation law, and anti-discrimination law. His recent publications include a handbook on Belgian and European discrimination law (Kluwer, co-authors: D. De Prins and J. Vrielink), and he assisted the Flemish Government in the drafting of a new anti-discrimination act. At HRP, Sottiaux expanded on the work of his dissertation, entitled “Terrorism and the Limitation of Rights, The European Convention on Human Rights and the United States Constitution.” He also prepared an article on balancing in fundamental rights adjudication before international courts. This article seeks to translate theories of balancing in constitutional law to international human rights law.

Marlyn Tadros (Egypt)

Tadros was a Visiting Scholar at the Women’s Department at Northeastern University and taught human rights in the Political Science Department. Prior to going to the US, she was Deputy director of the Legal Research and Resource Center for Human Rights in Cairo, Egypt, and was Executive Director of the National Steering Committee of the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development which took place in Cairo in 1994. Tadros served on the Board of Directors of Grassroots International, Boston, and has been appointed twice to the International Fellowships Panel of the American Association of University Women. She currently teaches web design, computer languages and technologies at the New England Institute of Art in Brookline and continues to be a Research Fellow at the Middle East Center for Cultural Understanding at Northeastern University. She is also the Executive Director of Virtual Activism, a nonprofit organization bringing technology to the Middle East.

Guglielmo Verdirame (United Kingdom)

Guglielmo Verdirame is a Lecturer in International Law at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law. He is the author, with Barbara Harrell-Bond, of Rights in Exile (2005). His UN Accountability for Human Rights Violations is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press. He has also written numerous articles and chapters in books on different aspects of international law, including human rights, international economic law, use of force and non-proliferation, and international criminal law. In the summer of 2006 he was Director of Studies in Public International Law at The Hague Academy of International Law. Before coming to Cambridge, he was a research fellow at Merton College, Oxford (2000-03). He has conducted extensive field research on human rights and refugees on behalf of various human rights organizations, including Human Rights Watch, Article 19 and the Lawyers’ Committee for Human Rights (now Human Rights First). His practice as a barrister, at 20 Essex Street chambers, covers human rights and international arbitration. The cases in which he has been instructed include a judicial review of the refusal of the Foreign Secretary to exercise diplomatic protection on behalf of British residents detained at Guantánamo Bay (Al-Rawi and Others v The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affair), and a major dispute concerning mining rights held by foreign investors in a developing country. Guglielmo holds a Laurea in Giurisprudenza (University of Bologna), an LL.M. (London), an M.A. (Oxon), and a Ph.D. (London School of Economics).

Lars Waldorf

Waldorf is a graduate of Harvard Law School (1989) and the director of the Human Rights Watch (HRW) field office in Kigali, Rwanda, where he has been working for the past two years. During his stay at HRP, Lars evaluated the Gacaca courts in Rwanda that will be adjudicating the bulk of the crimes committed during the 1994 genocide. In particular, Lars, who spent fifteen months observing the trials of the ICTR, worked on assessing Gacaca and the ICTR comparatively to evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of international and local justice.

Timothy Waters (USA)

Waters graduated from Harvard Law School in 1999. Prior to, and after his graduation, Waters has worked on issues of democratic transition, discrimination against minorities and self-determination in Eastern and Central Europe, having spent time in Turkey, Hungary and Croatia. While at Harvard, Waters will research two issues: the first concerns the development of a legal and rhetorical critique of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the second addresses the Islamic legal doctrines and practice of dhimmah, to examine whether it may play a greater role in protecting the rights of non-Muslim minorities in Muslim states.

Kenneth Watkin (Canada)

Col. Kenneth Watkin is currently a Deputy Judge Advocate General/Operations to the Canadian Forces. In 1998, he participated as a student and teacher in a collaborative course on humanitarian law run by HRP and the International Committee of the Red Cross. While at Harvard, Watkin will explore human rights and humanitarian law, studying the legal framework governing combatants and “unprivileged” belligerents in modern armed conflict. His research will explore the ability of the law to provide a realistic governance framework for controlling participation and providing meaningful protection for participants in armed conflict.

Gary Wilder (United States)

Gary Wilder is an associate professor of history at Pomona College. He earned his Ph.D. and M.A. from the University of Chicago and his B.A. from Cornell University. Wilder is the author of The French Imperial Nation-State: Negritude and Colonial Humanism between the World Wars (University of Chicago Press, October 2005), which analyzes France between the world wars as an imperial nation-state. At HRP, Wilder worked on the role of transnational groups of semi-private mercenaries, both military and financial, in France and Francophone Africa since decolonization and the novel forms of postcolonial imperialism that are developing today.

Yosuke Yotoriyama (Japan)

Yotoriyama is an associate professor of education at Niigata University in Japan, where he specializes in educational law and children’s rights. He is also the secretary general of the Japanese section of Defense of Children International, the local section of a major international children’s rights organization. His work at Harvard, funded by a Fulbright grant, includes the study of constitutional rights and power distribution in the U. S. public schools and an examination of the principle of “respect of the views of the child” as embodied in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

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